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State and Territory Profile

STATE/TERRITORY PROFILE - MONTANA

This profile highlights a current innovative effort to promote a subsidy system that is child-focused, family friendly, and fair to providers. It also provides demographic information, Early Care and Education (ECE) program participation and funding, subsidy innovation and program integrity information, program quality improvement activities, and professional development and workforce initiatives. Sources and links are provided at the end of the document

Demographics

Total Population 12 and Under
Total Population 12 and Under. Under 3-Years Old: Total 37122, Percentage 23; 3 and 4-Years Old: Total 25301 Percentage 16; 5 through 12-Years Old: Total 97172 Percentage 61
Children Living in Working Families
Children Living in Working Families: Children under 6-Years-Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.200806978660529 and with two working parents 0.427570823743358; Children Ages 6 to 17-Years Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.228217139707909 and with two working parents 0.50265224579774
Poverty Statistics
Poverty Statistics: 0.398382471672374 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.185848715164676 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty; 0.311331075114339 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.128547139223155 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty
  Below 100% of Poverty Below 185% of Poverty
Under 6-Years Old 18.58% 39.84%
6 to 17-Years Old 12.85% 31.13%

ECE Program Participation and Funding

Percentage and Number of Children/Families Served
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage
of Children in Care By Age Group
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage<br>of Children in Care By Age Group. Under 3-Years Old: 34%; 3 and 4-Years Old: 30%; 5 through 12-Years Old: 36%
CCDF Average Monthly Number
of Children and Families Served
Average Monthly number of Children and Families Served: Children 3700 and Families 2500
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care
Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Licensed or Regulated Providers: Center 51%, Group Home 37%, Family Home 6%, Child's Home 6%
Non-Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Legally Operating Without Regulations: Center 0%, Group Home 0%, Family Home 5%, Child's Home 5%
Note: Unregulated provider data includes relative and non-relative care.
Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF)
  • Total CCDF Expenditure (Including Quality):
$28,863,392
  • CCDF Federal Expenditure:
$25,602,111
  • CCDF State/Territory Expenditure:
$3,261,281
CCDF Quality Expenditures
  • Total Quality Expenditure:
$5,075,067
  • Quality Activities (Set Aside Funds):
$4,281,299
  • Infant and Toddler (Targeted Funds):
$642,569
  • Quality Expansion Funds (Targeted Funds):
$0
  • School-Age/Resource and Referral (Targeted Funds):
$151,199
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) for Child Care
  • TANF – Total Child Care Expenditure:
$9,181,287
Bullet icon TANF – Direct Expenditure on Child Care: $481,287
Bullet icon TANF – Transfer to CCDF: $8,700,000
ChildCare Tax Credits
  • Tax Credit Federal Total Amount Claimed:
$927,400
  • Tax Credit Federal Number of Claims:
18,930
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Available - 2015:
Yes
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Refundable:
No
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
  • CACFP Funding:
$11,576,327
  • Number of Family Child Care Homes Participating:
555
  • Number of Child Care Centers (includes Head Start Programs) Participating:
343
Head Start
  • Head Start Federal Allocation:
$34,560,429
  • Head Start State/Territory Allocation:
Not available
  • Number of Children Participating:
3,894
IDEA Part B, Section 619
  • IDEA Part B Funding:
$1,185,798
  • Number of Children Served (Ages 3- through 5-Years-Old):
1,660
IDEA Part C
  • IDEA Part C Funding:
$2,301,533
  • Number of Children Served (Ages Birth through 2-Years-Old):
842
Pre-kindergarten
  • Pre-kindergarten Total Expenditure:
$2,573,914
  • Enrollment (4-year-olds and under):
279
Note: Total Expenditure includes all State/Territory, Local, and Federal dollars. In addition to 3 and 4-year-olds, some Pre-kindergarten programs enroll children of other ages.

CCDF Subsidy Program Administration

Income Eligibility Limit as a Percent of State Median Income (SMI)
Family Size 100% of SMI (Monthly) 85% of SMI (Monthly) Lower Than 85% of SMI,
If Used to Limit Eligibility
Amount (Monthly) Percent of SMI
Three $4,697.00 $3,992.00 $2,386 51%
SMI Year and Source:
Waiting Lists
  • The Lead Agency currently does not have a waiting list and all eligible families who apply will be served under State/Territory eligibility rules.
Re-determination Period
  • The re-determination period is 6 months.
Coordinates or Aligns Re-determination Periods With Which Programs
  • No
Prioritize Services for Eligible Children and Families
  • Children with special needs receive guaranteed subsidy eligibility. Providers receive higher rates for caring for children with special needs requiring additional care. Child care providers are required to make a reasonable accommodation for children with special needs. If care requirements increase the cost of the care, one-time or on-going costs may be paid from the Best Beginnings Child Care Scholarship.
  • Children in families with very low incomes receive priority over other CCDF-eligibility families. 0
Use of Grants and Contracts

No grant or contracts used

Payment Rates for Licensed Child Care Services -
Age Center Family Child Care
Infant 33.66/day 27.54/day
Toddler 33.66/day 27.54/day
Preschool 29.38/day 25.50/day
School Age 29.38/day 25.50/day
 
Effective date of payment rates:

Market Rate Survey (MRS) Date: June 1, 2013

Payment rate ceiling in relations to the most current MRS for all rate areas and age categories: Center 36th-75th percentile or above; FCC 50th-75th percentile or above

Differential Rates
Differential rates are used for the following types of care:
  • children with special needs
  • higher quality care
Sliding Fee Scale and Family Contribution
Minimum Family Contribution Maximum Family Contribution for First Child Maximum Family Contribution for Multiple Children Sliding Fee Scale Effective Date
$10.00 or 1% of gross monthly income 14% of gross monthly income 14% of gross monthly income
Family Contribution Waiver
SOME families ARE NOT required to pay a fee.

Health and Safety

Number of Licensed Programs and Licensed Capacity
Type Number of Licensed Programs Licensed Capacity
Child Care Centers 249 12209
Family Child Care Homes 314 2272
Group Family Child Care Homes 417 5989
Definition of Licensed Group and Family Child Care Homes
Group Child Care Homes:Number of children allowed* 7-12
Family Child Care Homes: Number of children allowed 3-6
*Lower number is the threshold for licensing. Home-based providers caring for fewer children would be exempt from licensing.
Child-Staff Ratios and Group Size by Age of Children for Child Care Centers
Age of Children Child-Staff Ratio Group Size
Infant (11 months) 4:1 Group size not regulated
Toddler (35 months) 8:1 Group size not regulated
Preschool (59months) 8:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (6 years) 14:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (10 years and older) 14:1 Group size not regulated
Criminal Background Checks Required by Type of Program
Type Child Care Centers Group Child Care Homes Family Child Care Homes
Criminal History Records Yes Yes Yes
Child Abuse and Neglect Registry No No No
Fingerprints No No No
Sex Offender Registry No No No
Signed Statement About Criminal Status No No No
Minimum Preservice Qualifications and Ongoing Training Requirements
Role Minimum Preservice Qualifications Ongoing Training Hours
Center Teacher Experience in the care and supervision of children 8
Center Director 3 years of experience 15
Family Child Care Home Provider None 8
Group Child Care Home Provider None 8
Types of Routine Visits Conducted
Type Announced Unannounced Frequency of Routine Visits
Child Care Centers No Yes Frequency for centers depends on whether the facility has a 1, 2, or 3 year license. Inspection conducted at renewal.
Family Child Care Home Provider No Yes Once every five years
Group Child Care Home Provider No Yes Once every five years

Quality Improvement

Program Standards
  • Standards have provisions about the care of the following groups of children:
    • Infants and toddlers
Supports to Programs to Improve Quality
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining licensing compliance
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining quality standards beyond licensing
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining accreditation
No
  • TA is linked to entering the QRIS or targeted to help programs move in QRIS
Yes
Financial Incentives and Supports for Programs
  • Grants to meet or maintain licensing
Yes
  • Grants to meet QRIS or similar quality levels
Yes
  • One-time awards or bonuses on completion of quality standard attainment
Yes
  • Tiered reimbursement tied to quality for children receiving subsidy
Yes
  • On-going, periodic grants or stipends tied to improving/maintaining quality
No
  • Tax credits tied to meeting program quality standards
No
Quality Assurance and Monitoring
  • Environment Rating Scale (e.g., ECERS, ITERS, SACERS, FDCRS)
Yes
  • Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
No
  • Program Assessment Scales (PAS) for child care centers or Business Administration Scale (BAS) for family child care homes
Yes
  • State/Territory uses customized instrument, including submission of written documentation, developed for the quality improvement system
Yes
Outreach and Consumer Education
  • State/Territory uses symbols or simple icons to communicate levels of quality for child care programs
Yes
  • State/Territory uses this information for resource and referral and consumer education services with parents who are seeking care
Yes
  • State/Territory uses this information to educate parents who are enrolling in the subsidy system
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in a searchable database on the web
Yes
  • State/Territory promotes voluntarily posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
Yes
  • State/Territory mandates posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in marketing and public awareness campaigns
No
  • State/Territory uses the media to reach public to parents and the communicate about levels of quality for child care programs
No
Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS)
  • State/Territory has a QRIS or similar quality improvement system that includes linked activities in all five elements
 
Bullet icon Operating state/territory-wide Yes
Bullet icon Operating as a pilot or in a few localities No
  • State/Territory is in the development phase of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • State/Territory has no plans for the development of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • Types of providers eligible to participate in QRIS:
    • Child care centers
    • Group child care homes
    • Family child care homes
    • Early Head Start programs
    • Head Start programs

Early Learning Standards

ELGs Developed by Age Group
  • Birth to 3 years
  • 3 to 5 years
Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems
  • Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems:
    • To define the content of training required for the career lattice or professional credential
    • To require programs in licensing standards to develop curriculum/learning activities based on the voluntary ELGs
    • To develop State/Territory -approved curricula
A table of Alignment of Early Learning Guidelines with Other Early Care and Education Systems
  • The State/Territory aligns its early learning guidelines with other parts of the child care system:
    • Cross-walked to align with Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework
    • Cross-walked to align with K-12 content standards

Coordination

Coordination and Partnership Efforts to Support the Implementation of CCDF
  • Formal early childhood and/or school-age coordination plans
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state/territory-wide early childhood and/or school-age cabinet/advisory council/task force/ commission
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state advisory council
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- local coordination/council
Yes

Footnotes

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