.

State and Territory Profile

STATE/TERRITORY PROFILE - MASSACHUSETTS

This profile highlights a current innovative effort to promote a subsidy system that is child-focused, family friendly, and fair to providers. It also provides demographic information, Early Care and Education (ECE) program participation and funding, subsidy innovation and program integrity information, program quality improvement activities, and professional development and workforce initiatives. Sources and links are provided at the end of the document

Demographics

Total Population 12 and Under
Total Population 12 and Under. Under 3-Years Old: Total 217691, Percentage 22; 3 and 4-Years Old: Total 149396 Percentage 15; 5 through 12-Years Old: Total 626404 Percentage 63
Children Living in Working Families
Children Living in Working Families: Children under 6-Years-Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.245990157442839 and with two working parents 0.47730452909932; Children Ages 6 to 17-Years Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.264175408983954 and with two working parents 0.500871344016007
Poverty Statistics
Poverty Statistics: 0.285110255644473 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.146733954317454 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty; 0.246333863151102 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.13000710273412 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty
  Below 100% of Poverty Below 185% of Poverty
Under 6-Years Old 14.67% 28.51%
6 to 17-Years Old 13% 24.63%

ECE Program Participation and Funding

Percentage and Number of Children/Families Served
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage
of Children in Care By Age Group
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage<br>of Children in Care By Age Group. Under 3-Years Old: 26%; 3 and 4-Years Old: 30%; 5 through 12-Years Old: 45%
CCDF Average Monthly Number
of Children and Families Served
Average Monthly number of Children and Families Served: Children 28800 and Families 19800
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care
Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Licensed or Regulated Providers: Center 75%, Group Home 23%, Family Home 2%, Child's Home 2%
Non-Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Legally Operating Without Regulations: Center 0%, Group Home 0%, Family Home 1%, Child's Home 1%
Note: Unregulated provider data includes relative and non-relative care.
Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF)
  • Total CCDF Expenditure (Including Quality):
$281,817,835
  • CCDF Federal Expenditure:
$205,487,102
  • CCDF State/Territory Expenditure:
$76,330,733
CCDF Quality Expenditures
  • Total Quality Expenditure:
$38,461,835
  • Quality Activities (Set Aside Funds):
$38,134,655
  • Infant and Toddler (Targeted Funds):
$327,180
  • Quality Expansion Funds (Targeted Funds):
$0
  • School-Age/Resource and Referral (Targeted Funds):
$0
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) for Child Care
  • TANF – Total Child Care Expenditure:
$282,430,820
Bullet icon TANF – Direct Expenditure on Child Care: $190,860,596
Bullet icon TANF – Transfer to CCDF: $91,570,224
ChildCare Tax Credits
  • Tax Credit Federal Total Amount Claimed:
$9,114,000
  • Tax Credit Federal Number of Claims:
167,650
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Available - 2015:
Yes
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Refundable:
No
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
  • CACFP Funding:
$69,028,416
  • Number of Family Child Care Homes Participating:
3,661
  • Number of Child Care Centers (includes Head Start Programs) Participating:
918
Head Start
  • Head Start Federal Allocation:
$112,445,356
  • Head Start State/Territory Allocation:
9100000
  • Number of Children Participating:
10,002
IDEA Part B, Section 619
  • IDEA Part B Funding:
$9,908,074
  • Number of Children Served (Ages 3- through 5-Years-Old):
18,022
IDEA Part C
  • IDEA Part C Funding:
$8,012,476
  • Number of Children Served (Ages Birth through 2-Years-Old):
20,565
Pre-kindergarten
  • Pre-kindergarten Total Expenditure:
$82,931,298
  • Enrollment (4-year-olds and under):
34,130
Note: Total Expenditure includes all State/Territory, Local, and Federal dollars. In addition to 3 and 4-year-olds, some Pre-kindergarten programs enroll children of other ages.

CCDF Subsidy Program Administration

Income Eligibility Limit as a Percent of State Median Income (SMI)
Family Size 100% of SMI (Monthly) 85% of SMI (Monthly) Lower Than 85% of SMI,
If Used to Limit Eligibility
Amount (Monthly) Percent of SMI
Three $7,194.00 $6,115.00 $3,597 50%
SMI Year and Source:
Waiting Lists
  • The Lead Agency has an active waiting list for only certain eligible families.
Re-determination Period
  • The re-determination period is 12 months.
Coordinates or Aligns Re-determination Periods With Which Programs
  • No
Prioritize Services for Eligible Children and Families
  • Children with special needs receive the same priority as other CCDF-eligible families. Children receiving or within 90 days of transitioning off preventive or protective care receive guaranteed eligibility. Children with special needs receive different eligibility thresholds.
  • Children in families receiving TANF cash assistance and participating in the Employment Services Program through the Commonwealth's TANF agency receive immediate access to child care financial assistance (subject to available funding) In addition, access to child care financial assistance for specific vulnerable low-income populations is prioritized through its system of statewide contracts, which aim to increase access for families experiencing homelessness, children of teen parents and children of families receiving protective services through the Department of Children and Families. Children in families with very low incomes receive waived co-payments if income is at or below the Federal Poverty Level. In addition, parent fees may be waived, on a case -by-case basis, for families receiving, or at risk of receiving, protective services, in accordance with 45 CFR 98.20(a)(3)(ii)(A). These families may include families receiving protective services through the Department of Children and Families, children of homeless families or children of teen parents.
Use of Grants and Contracts

41% of child care services are provided through grants/contracts

Grants or contracts for child care services are used to increase the supply of specific types of care.

Grants or contracts for child care services are used to support programs In providing higher quality services.

Grants or contracts for child care services are used to support programs in providing comprehensive services.

Grants or contracts for child care services are used to serve underserved families.

Payment Rates for Licensed Child Care Services -
Age Center Family Child Care
Infant 54.55/day 31.50/day
Toddler 48.40/day 31.50/day
Preschool 36.70/day 27.85/day
School Age 17.50/day 27.85/day
 
Effective date of payment rates:

Market Rate Survey (MRS) Date: March 1, 2013

Payment rate ceiling in relations to the most current MRS for all rate areas and age categories: Center 7th-37th percentile; FCC 4th-22nd percentile

Differential Rates
Differential rates are used for the following types of care:
  • higher quality care
Sliding Fee Scale and Family Contribution
Minimum Family Contribution Maximum Family Contribution for First Child Maximum Family Contribution for Multiple Children Sliding Fee Scale Effective Date
No fee $205.00/week Discounted fee applied for two or more children
Family Contribution Waiver
SOME families ARE NOT required to pay a fee.

Health and Safety

Number of Licensed Programs and Licensed Capacity
Type Number of Licensed Programs Licensed Capacity
Child Care Centers 2,844 171255
Family Child Care Homes 6,832 51357
Group Family Child Care Homes Facility type not licensed Facility type not licensed
Definition of Licensed Group and Family Child Care Homes
Group Child Care Homes:Number of children allowed* Facility type not licensed
Family Child Care Homes: Number of children allowed 1-10 (6 preschool and 4 SAC)
*Lower number is the threshold for licensing. Home-based providers caring for fewer children would be exempt from licensing.
Child-Staff Ratios and Group Size by Age of Children for Child Care Centers
Age of Children Child-Staff Ratio Group Size
Infant (11 months) 3:1 7
Toddler (35 months) 10:1 20
Preschool (59months) 10:1 20
School-age (6 years) 15:1 30
School-age (10 years and older) 15:1 30
Criminal Background Checks Required by Type of Program
Type Child Care Centers Group Child Care Homes Family Child Care Homes
Criminal History Records Yes Yes Facility type not licensed
Child Abuse and Neglect Registry Yes Yes Facility type not licensed
Fingerprints Yes Yes Facility type not licensed
Sex Offender Registry Yes Yes Facility type not licensed
Signed Statement About Criminal Status Yes Yes Facility type not licensed
Minimum Preservice Qualifications and Ongoing Training Requirements
Role Minimum Preservice Qualifications Ongoing Training Hours
Center Teacher Completion of a 2-year vocational child care course 20
Center Director Child Development Associate credential, 3 credits in child development, 2 credits in approved ECE topics, 2 credits or 3 CEUs in child care administration, and 33 months experience 20
Family Child Care Home Provider 1 year of experience as parent 10
Group Child Care Home Provider Facility type not licensed Facility type not licensed
Types of Routine Visits Conducted
Type Announced Unannounced Frequency of Routine Visits
Child Care Centers Yes Yes Once every two years
Family Child Care Home Provider Yes Yes Once every three years
Group Child Care Home Provider Facility type not licensed Facility type not licensed Facility type not licensed

Quality Improvement

Program Standards
  • Standards have provisions about the care of the following groups of children:
    • Infants and toddlers
    • School-age children
    • Children with special needs
    • Children who are dual language learners
Supports to Programs to Improve Quality
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining licensing compliance
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining quality standards beyond licensing
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining accreditation
No
  • TA is linked to entering the QRIS or targeted to help programs move in QRIS
Yes
Financial Incentives and Supports for Programs
  • Grants to meet or maintain licensing
No
  • Grants to meet QRIS or similar quality levels
Yes
  • One-time awards or bonuses on completion of quality standard attainment
No
  • Tiered reimbursement tied to quality for children receiving subsidy
Yes
  • On-going, periodic grants or stipends tied to improving/maintaining quality
Yes
  • Tax credits tied to meeting program quality standards
No
Quality Assurance and Monitoring
  • Environment Rating Scale (e.g., ECERS, ITERS, SACERS, FDCRS)
Yes
  • Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
Yes
  • Program Assessment Scales (PAS) for child care centers or Business Administration Scale (BAS) for family child care homes
Yes
  • State/Territory uses customized instrument, including submission of written documentation, developed for the quality improvement system
Yes
Outreach and Consumer Education
  • State/Territory uses symbols or simple icons to communicate levels of quality for child care programs
Yes
  • State/Territory uses this information for resource and referral and consumer education services with parents who are seeking care
No
  • State/Territory uses this information to educate parents who are enrolling in the subsidy system
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in a searchable database on the web
No
  • State/Territory promotes voluntarily posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory mandates posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in marketing and public awareness campaigns
No
  • State/Territory uses the media to reach public to parents and the communicate about levels of quality for child care programs
Yes
Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS)
  • State/Territory has a QRIS or similar quality improvement system that includes linked activities in all five elements
 
Bullet icon Operating state/territory-wide Yes
Bullet icon Operating as a pilot or in a few localities No
  • State/Territory is in the development phase of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • State/Territory has no plans for the development of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • Types of providers eligible to participate in QRIS:
    • Child care centers
    • Group child care homes
    • Family child care homes
    • License-exempt providers
    • Early Head Start programs
    • Head Start programs
    • Pre-kindergarten programs
    • School-age programs

Early Learning Standards

ELGs Developed by Age Group
  • Birth to 3 years
  • 3 to 5 years
Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems
  • Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems:
    • To define the content of training required to meet licensing requirements
    • To define the content of training required for program quality improvement standards (e.g., QRIS standards)
    • To define the content of training required for the career lattice or professional credential
    • To develop State/Territory -approved curricula
A table of Alignment of Early Learning Guidelines with Other Early Care and Education Systems
  • The State/Territory aligns its early learning guidelines with other parts of the child care system:
    • Cross-walked to align with Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework
    • Cross-walked to align with K-12 content standards

Coordination

Coordination and Partnership Efforts to Support the Implementation of CCDF
  • Formal early childhood and/or school-age coordination plans
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state/territory-wide early childhood and/or school-age cabinet/advisory council/task force/ commission
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state advisory council
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- local coordination/council
No

Footnotes

Click to show footnotes