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State and Territory Profile

STATE/TERRITORY PROFILE - HAWAII

This profile highlights a current innovative effort to promote a subsidy system that is child-focused, family friendly, and fair to providers. It also provides demographic information, Early Care and Education (ECE) program participation and funding, subsidy innovation and program integrity information, program quality improvement activities, and professional development and workforce initiatives. Sources and links are provided at the end of the document

Demographics

Total Population 12 and Under
Total Population 12 and Under. Under 3-Years Old: Total 53219, Percentage 24; 3 and 4-Years Old: Total 34188 Percentage 16; 5 through 12-Years Old: Total 132095 Percentage 60
Children Living in Working Families
Children Living in Working Families: Children under 6-Years-Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.248724921850049 and with two working parents 0.386801126520658; Children Ages 6 to 17-Years Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.256428219582946 and with two working parents 0.478063598051557
Poverty Statistics
Poverty Statistics: 0.278528296587558 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.107232130318775 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty; 0.258944930519815 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.0980597014925373 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty
  Below 100% of Poverty Below 185% of Poverty
Under 6-Years Old 10.72% 27.85%
6 to 17-Years Old 9.81% 25.89%

ECE Program Participation and Funding

Percentage and Number of Children/Families Served
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage
of Children in Care By Age Group
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage<br>of Children in Care By Age Group. Under 3-Years Old: 31%; 3 and 4-Years Old: 30%; 5 through 12-Years Old: 40%
CCDF Average Monthly Number
of Children and Families Served
Average Monthly number of Children and Families Served: Children 6800 and Families 4000
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care
Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Licensed or Regulated Providers: Center 21%, Group Home 0%, Family Home 7%, Child's Home 7%
Non-Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Legally Operating Without Regulations: Center 1%, Group Home 0%, Family Home 17%, Child's Home 17%
Note: Unregulated provider data includes relative and non-relative care.
Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF)
  • Total CCDF Expenditure (Including Quality):
$38,986,203
  • CCDF Federal Expenditure:
$30,569,830
  • CCDF State/Territory Expenditure:
$8,416,373
CCDF Quality Expenditures
  • Total Quality Expenditure:
$7,485,904
  • Quality Activities (Set Aside Funds):
$4,988,357
  • Infant and Toddler (Targeted Funds):
$481,400
  • Quality Expansion Funds (Targeted Funds):
$1,776,300
  • School-Age/Resource and Referral (Targeted Funds):
$239,847
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) for Child Care
  • TANF – Total Child Care Expenditure:
$15,000,000
TANF – Direct Expenditure on Child Care: $0
TANF – Transfer to CCDF: $15,000,000
ChildCare Tax Credits
  • Tax Credit Federal Total Amount Claimed:
$15,107,000
  • Tax Credit Federal Number of Claims:
29,260
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Available - 2015:
Yes
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Refundable:
Yes
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
  • CACFP Funding:
$7,579,247
  • Number of Family Child Care Homes Participating:
236
  • Number of Child Care Centers (includes Head Start Programs) Participating:
219
Head Start
  • Head Start Federal Allocation:
$20,724,683
  • Head Start State/Territory Allocation:
$0
  • Number of Children Participating:
2,440
IDEA Part B, Section 619
  • IDEA Part B Funding:
$903,031
  • Number of Children Served (Ages 3- through 5-Years-Old):
2,444
IDEA Part C
  • IDEA Part C Funding:
$2,148,938
  • Number of Children Served (Ages Birth through 2-Years-Old):
1,740
Pre-kindergarten
  • Pre-kindergarten Total Expenditure:
$2,800,000
  • Enrollment (4-year-olds and under):
375
Note: Total Expenditure includes all State/Territory, Local, and Federal dollars. In addition to 3 and 4-year-olds, some Pre-kindergarten programs enroll children of other ages.

CCDF Subsidy Program Administration

Income Eligibility Limit as a Percent of State Median Income (SMI)
Family Size 100% of SMI (Monthly) 85% of SMI (Monthly) Lower Than 85% of SMI,
If Used to Limit Eligibility
Amount (Monthly) Percent of SMI
Three $4,620.00 $3,927.00 Not applicable 0
SMI Year and Source:
Waiting Lists
  • The Lead Agency currently does not have a waiting list and all eligible families who apply will be served under State/Territory eligibility rules.
Re-determination Period
  • The re-determination period is 6 months.
Coordinates or Aligns Re-determination Periods With Which Programs
  • Yes
Prioritize Services for Eligible Children and Families
  • Children with special needs receive the same priority as other CCDF-eligible families. Children receiving or within 90 days of transitioning off preventive or protective care receive guaranteed eligibility. 0
  • Children in families with very low incomes receive priority over other CCDF-eligibility families. Children in families with very low incomes receive waived co-payments if income is at or below the Federal Poverty Level.
Use of Grants and Contracts

5% of child care services are provided through grants/contracts

Grants or contracts for child care services are used to support programs In providing higher quality services.

Payment Rates for Licensed Child Care Services -
Age Center Family Child Care
Infant 1,395.00/month 650.00/month
Toddler 1,395.00/month 650.00/month
Preschool 675.00/month 600.00/month
School Age 165.00/month 165.00/month
 
Effective date of payment rates:

Market Rate Survey (MRS) Date: October 1, 2012

Payment rate ceiling in relations to the most current MRS for all rate areas and age categories: Center 38th-75th percentile or above; FCC 42nd-75th percentile or above

Differential Rates
Differential rates are used for the following types of care:
  • Infants and toddlers
  • higher quality care
Sliding Fee Scale and Family Contribution
Minimum Family Contribution Maximum Family Contribution for First Child Maximum Family Contribution for Multiple Children Sliding Fee Scale Effective Date
No fee 90% of payment rate 90% of payment rate
Family Contribution Waiver
SOME families ARE NOT required to pay a fee.

Health and Safety

Number of Licensed Programs and Licensed Capacity
  Number of Licensed Programs Licensed Capacity
Child Care Centers 1,047 304350
Family Child Care Homes 461 2653
Group Family Child Care Homes 8 92
Definition of Licensed Group and Family Child Care Homes
Group Child Care Homes:Number of children allowed* 12
Family Child Care Homes: Number of children allowed 3-6
*Lower number is the threshold for licensing. Home-based providers caring for fewer children would be exempt from licensing.
Child-Staff Ratios and Group Size by Age of Children for Child Care Centers
Age of Children Child-Staff Ratio Group Size
Infant (11 months) 4:1 8
Toddler (35 months) 8:1 Group size not regulated
Preschool (59months) 12:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (6 years) 20:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (10 years and older) 20:1 Group size not regulated
Criminal Background Checks Required by Type of Program
Type Child Care Centers Group Child Care Homes Family Child Care Homes
Criminal History Records Yes Yes Yes
Child Abuse and Neglect Registry Yes Yes Yes
Fingerprints Yes Yes Yes
Sex Offender Registry Yes Yes Yes
Signed Statement About Criminal Status Yes Yes Yes
Minimum Preservice Qualifications and Ongoing Training Requirements
Role Minimum Preservice Qualifications Ongoing Training Hours
Center Teacher Child Development Associate credential or certificate in ECE and 1 year of experience 0
Center Director Child Development Associate credential and 4 years of experience 0
Family Child Care Home Provider None Unspecified
Group Child Care Home Provider Child Development Associate credential and 1 year of experience 0
Types of Routine Visits Conducted
  Announced Unannounced Frequency of Routine Visits
Child Care Centers Yes Yes Once a year
Family Child Care Home Provider Yes Yes Once a year
Group Child Care Home Provider Yes Yes Once a year

Quality Improvement

Supports to Programs to Improve Quality
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining licensing compliance
No
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining quality standards beyond licensing
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining accreditation
Yes
  • TA is linked to entering the QRIS or targeted to help programs move in QRIS
Yes
Financial Incentives and Supports for Programs
  • Grants to meet or maintain licensing
No
  • Grants to meet QRIS or similar quality levels
Yes
  • One-time awards or bonuses on completion of quality standard attainment
Yes
  • Tiered reimbursement tied to quality for children receiving subsidy
No
  • On-going, periodic grants or stipends tied to improving/maintaining quality
No
  • Tax credits tied to meeting program quality standards
No
Quality Assurance and Monitoring
  • Environment Rating Scale (e.g., ECERS, ITERS, SACERS, FDCRS)
Yes
  • Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
Yes
  • Program Assessment Scales (PAS) for child care centers or Business Administration Scale (BAS) for family child care homes
Yes
  • State/Territory uses customized instrument, including submission of written documentation, developed for the quality improvement system
No
Outreach and Consumer Education
  • State/Territory uses symbols or simple icons to communicate levels of quality for child care programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information for resource and referral and consumer education services with parents who are seeking care
No
  • State/Territory uses this information to educate parents who are enrolling in the subsidy system
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in a searchable database on the web
No
  • State/Territory promotes voluntarily posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory mandates posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in marketing and public awareness campaigns
No
  • State/Territory uses the media to reach public to parents and the communicate about levels of quality for child care programs
No
Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS)
  • State/Territory has a QRIS or similar quality improvement system that includes linked activities in all five elements
 
Operating state/territory-wide No
Operating as a pilot or in a few localities Yes
  • State/Territory is in the development phase of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • State/Territory has no plans for the development of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • Types of providers eligible to participate in QRIS:
    • Child care centers
    • Group child care homes
    • Family child care homes
    • Head Start programs

Early Learning Standards

ELGs Developed by Age Group
  • Birth to 3 years
  • 3 to 5 years
  • 5 years and older
Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems
  • Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems:
    • To require programs in licensing standards to develop curriculum/learning activities based on the voluntary ELGs
Alignment of Early Learning Guidelines with Other Early Care and Education Systems
  • The State/Territory aligns its early learning guidelines with other parts of the child care system:
    • Cross-walked to align with K-12 content standards

Coordination

Coordination and Partnership Efforts to Support the Implementation of CCDF
  • Formal early childhood and/or school-age coordination plans
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state/territory-wide early childhood and/or school-age cabinet/advisory council/task force/ commission
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state advisory council
No
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- local coordination/council
No

Footnotes

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