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State and Territory Profile

STATE/TERRITORY PROFILE - CALIFORNIA

This profile highlights a current innovative effort to promote a subsidy system that is child-focused, family friendly, and fair to providers. It also provides demographic information, Early Care and Education (ECE) program participation and funding, subsidy innovation and program integrity information, program quality improvement activities, and professional development and workforce initiatives. Sources and links are provided at the end of the document

Demographics

Total Population 12 and Under
Total Population 12 and Under. Under 3-Years Old: Total 1507814, Percentage 23; 3 and 4-Years Old: Total 1023519 Percentage 16; 5 through 12-Years Old: Total 4038452 Percentage 61
Children Living in Working Families
Children Living in Working Families: Children under 6-Years-Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.257762224689568 and with two working parents 0.372177147534669; Children Ages 6 to 17-Years Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.267510461255371 and with two working parents 0.402421983442662
Poverty Statistics
Poverty Statistics: 0.37708401325121 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.18772697131145 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty; 0.372624383742007 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.178464901401207 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty
  Below 100% of Poverty Below 185% of Poverty
Under 6-Years Old 18.77% 37.71%
6 to 17-Years Old 17.85% 37.26%

ECE Program Participation and Funding

Percentage and Number of Children/Families Served
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage
of Children in Care By Age Group
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage<br>of Children in Care By Age Group. Under 3-Years Old: 19%; 3 and 4-Years Old: 35%; 5 through 12-Years Old: 46%
CCDF Average Monthly Number
of Children and Families Served
Average Monthly number of Children and Families Served: Children 96700 and Families 65600
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care
Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Licensed or Regulated Providers: Center 51%, Group Home 14%, Family Home 17%, Child's Home 17%
Non-Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Legally Operating Without Regulations: Center 4%, Group Home 0%, Family Home 14%, Child's Home 14%
Note: Unregulated provider data includes relative and non-relative care.
Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF)
  • Total CCDF Expenditure (Including Quality):
$931,788,883
  • CCDF Federal Expenditure:
$630,411,882
  • CCDF State/Territory Expenditure:
$301,377,001
CCDF Quality Expenditures
  • Total Quality Expenditure:
$48,066,602
  • Quality Activities (Set Aside Funds):
$42,696,149
  • Infant and Toddler (Targeted Funds):
$4,750,108
  • Quality Expansion Funds (Targeted Funds):
$602,406
  • School-Age/Resource and Referral (Targeted Funds):
$17,939
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) for Child Care
  • TANF – Total Child Care Expenditure:
$95,130,986
Bullet icon TANF – Direct Expenditure on Child Care: $95,130,986
Bullet icon TANF – Transfer to CCDF: $0
ChildCare Tax Credits
  • Tax Credit Federal Total Amount Claimed:
$41,428,900
  • Tax Credit Federal Number of Claims:
706,410
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Available - 2015:
Yes
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Refundable:
No
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
  • CACFP Funding:
$489,411,072
  • Number of Family Child Care Homes Participating:
13,241
  • Number of Child Care Centers (includes Head Start Programs) Participating:
7,866
Head Start
  • Head Start Federal Allocation:
$942,590,010
  • Head Start State/Territory Allocation:
Not available
  • Number of Children Participating:
73,144
IDEA Part B, Section 619
  • IDEA Part B Funding:
$38,332,578
  • Number of Children Served (Ages 3- through 5-Years-Old):
83,853
IDEA Part C
  • IDEA Part C Funding:
$55,507,072
  • Number of Children Served (Ages Birth through 2-Years-Old):
47,025
Pre-kindergarten
  • Pre-kindergarten Total Expenditure:
$1,854,832,577
  • Enrollment (4-year-olds and under):
241,859
Note: Total Expenditure includes all State/Territory, Local, and Federal dollars. In addition to 3 and 4-year-olds, some Pre-kindergarten programs enroll children of other ages.

CCDF Subsidy Program Administration

Income Eligibility Limit as a Percent of State Median Income (SMI)
Family Size 100% of SMI (Monthly) 85% of SMI (Monthly) Lower Than 85% of SMI,
If Used to Limit Eligibility
Amount (Monthly) Percent of SMI
Three $5,026.00 $4,272.00 $3,518 70%
SMI Year and Source:
Waiting Lists
  • Not applicable
Re-determination Period
  • The re-determination period is 12 months.
Coordinates or Aligns Re-determination Periods With Which Programs
  • No
Prioritize Services for Eligible Children and Families
  • Children with special needs receive priority over other CCDF-eligible families. Children with special needs receive different eligibility thresholds and providers receive higher rates for caring for children with special needs requiring additional care.
  • Children in families with very low incomes receive priority over other CCDF-eligibility families. Children in families with very low incomes receive different eligibility thresholds.
Use of Grants and Contracts

57% of child care services are provided through grants/contracts

Grants or contracts for child care services are used to increase the supply of specific types of care.

Payment Rates for Licensed Child Care Services -
Age Center Family Child Care
Infant 253.65/week 183.32/week
Toddler 253.65/week 183.32/week
Preschool 182.03 /week 169.99/week
School Age 155.25/week 151.30/week
 
Effective date of payment rates:

Market Rate Survey (MRS) Date: March 1, 2013

Payment rate ceiling in relations to the most current MRS for all rate areas and age categories: Center 75th percentile or above; FCC 75th percentile or above

Differential Rates
Differential rates are used for the following types of care:
  • nontraditional hours
  • children with special needs
  • Infants and toddlers
Sliding Fee Scale and Family Contribution
Minimum Family Contribution Maximum Family Contribution for First Child Maximum Family Contribution for Multiple Children Sliding Fee Scale Effective Date
$2.00/day $16.45/day $16.45/day
Family Contribution Waiver
NO families with income at or below the poverty level for a family of the same size ARE required to pay a fee.

Health and Safety

Number of Licensed Programs and Licensed Capacity
Type Number of Licensed Programs Licensed Capacity
Child Care Centers 14,680 762717
Family Child Care Homes 21,132 158004
Group Family Child Care Homes 11,012 167794
Definition of Licensed Group and Family Child Care Homes
Group Child Care Homes:Number of children allowed* 12
Family Child Care Homes: Number of children allowed 2-6 (plus 2 SAC)
*Lower number is the threshold for licensing. Home-based providers caring for fewer children would be exempt from licensing.
Child-Staff Ratios and Group Size by Age of Children for Child Care Centers
Age of Children Child-Staff Ratio Group Size
Infant (11 months) 4:1 Group size not regulated
Toddler (35 months) 6:1 12
Preschool (59months) 12:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (6 years) 14:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (10 years and older) 14:1 Group size not regulated
Criminal Background Checks Required by Type of Program
Type Child Care Centers Group Child Care Homes Family Child Care Homes
Criminal History Records Yes Yes Yes
Child Abuse and Neglect Registry Yes Yes Yes
Fingerprints Yes Yes Yes
Sex Offender Registry Yes Yes Yes
Signed Statement About Criminal Status Yes Yes Yes
Minimum Preservice Qualifications and Ongoing Training Requirements
Role Minimum Preservice Qualifications Ongoing Training Hours
Center Teacher Regional Occupation Program certificate of training in child care, 95 clock hours in child care and development, and 150 hours of experience 0
Center Director 12 semester units in early childhood, 3 semester units in administration, and 4 years of experience 0
Family Child Care Home Provider 15 clock hours of training in preventive health practices 0
Group Child Care Home Provider 15 clock hours of training in preventive health practices and 1 year of experience 0
Types of Routine Visits Conducted
Type Announced Unannounced Frequency of Routine Visits
Child Care Centers No Yes 20% inspected annually
Family Child Care Home Provider No Yes 20% inspected annually
Group Child Care Home Provider No Yes 20% inspected annually

Quality Improvement

Program Standards
  • Standards have provisions about the care of the following groups of children:
    • Infants and toddlers
    • Children with special needs
    • Children who are dual language learners
Supports to Programs to Improve Quality
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining licensing compliance
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining quality standards beyond licensing
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining accreditation
No
  • TA is linked to entering the QRIS or targeted to help programs move in QRIS
No
Financial Incentives and Supports for Programs
  • Grants to meet or maintain licensing
Yes
  • Grants to meet QRIS or similar quality levels
No
  • One-time awards or bonuses on completion of quality standard attainment
No
  • Tiered reimbursement tied to quality for children receiving subsidy
No
  • On-going, periodic grants or stipends tied to improving/maintaining quality
Yes
  • Tax credits tied to meeting program quality standards
No
Quality Assurance and Monitoring
  • Environment Rating Scale (e.g., ECERS, ITERS, SACERS, FDCRS)
Yes
  • Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
Yes
  • Program Assessment Scales (PAS) for child care centers or Business Administration Scale (BAS) for family child care homes
Yes
  • State/Territory uses customized instrument, including submission of written documentation, developed for the quality improvement system
Yes
Outreach and Consumer Education
  • State/Territory uses symbols or simple icons to communicate levels of quality for child care programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information for resource and referral and consumer education services with parents who are seeking care
No
  • State/Territory uses this information to educate parents who are enrolling in the subsidy system
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in a searchable database on the web
No
  • State/Territory promotes voluntarily posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory mandates posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in marketing and public awareness campaigns
No
  • State/Territory uses the media to reach public to parents and the communicate about levels of quality for child care programs
No
Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS)
  • State/Territory has a QRIS or similar quality improvement system that includes linked activities in all five elements
 
Bullet icon Operating state/territory-wide No
Bullet icon Operating as a pilot or in a few localities Yes
  • State/Territory is in the development phase of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • State/Territory has no plans for the development of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • Types of providers eligible to participate in QRIS:
    • Child care centers
    • Group child care homes
    • Family child care homes
    • Early Head Start programs
    • Head Start programs
    • Pre-kindergarten programs

Early Learning Standards

ELGs Developed by Age Group
  • Birth to 3 years
  • 3 to 5 years
Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems
  • Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems:
    • To define the content of training required to meet licensing requirements
    • To define the content of training required for program quality improvement standards (e.g., QRIS standards)
    • To define the content of training required for the career lattice or professional credential
    • To require programs in licensing standards to develop curriculum/learning activities based on the voluntary ELGs
    • To require programs in quality improvement standards to develop curriculum/learning activities based on the voluntary ELGs
A table of Alignment of Early Learning Guidelines with Other Early Care and Education Systems
  • The State/Territory aligns its early learning guidelines with other parts of the child care system:
    • Cross-walked to align with Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework
    • Cross-walked to align with K-12 content standards

Coordination

Coordination and Partnership Efforts to Support the Implementation of CCDF
  • Formal early childhood and/or school-age coordination plans
No
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state/territory-wide early childhood and/or school-age cabinet/advisory council/task force/ commission
No
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state advisory council
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- local coordination/council
No

Footnotes

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