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State and Territory Profile

STATE/TERRITORY PROFILE - ALABAMA

This profile highlights a current innovative effort to promote a subsidy system that is child-focused, family friendly, and fair to providers. It also provides demographic information, Early Care and Education (ECE) program participation and funding, subsidy innovation and program integrity information, program quality improvement activities, and professional development and workforce initiatives. Sources and links are provided at the end of the document

Demographics

Total Population 12 and Under
Total Population 12 and Under. Under 3-Years Old: Total 182171, Percentage 23; 3 and 4-Years Old: Total 122786 Percentage 15; 5 through 12-Years Old: Total 501109 Percentage 62
Children Living in Working Families
Children Living in Working Families: Children under 6-Years-Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.292011359808651 and with two working parents 0.335312132065501; Children Ages 6 to 17-Years Old Living in Working Families with one working parent 0.29933476688074 and with two working parents 0.394597587900668
Poverty Statistics
Poverty Statistics: 0.501135817699776 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.28329013469671 are Under 6-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty; 0.426029078549849 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 185% of Poverty; 0.228679326715581 are 6 to 17-Years Old and living Below 100% of Poverty
  Below 100% of Poverty Below 185% of Poverty
Under 6-Years Old 28.33% 50.11%
6 to 17-Years Old 22.87% 42.6%

ECE Program Participation and Funding

Percentage and Number of Children/Families Served
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage
of Children in Care By Age Group
CCDF Average Monthly Percentage<br>of Children in Care By Age Group. Under 3-Years Old: 29%; 3 and 4-Years Old: 25%; 5 through 12-Years Old: 46%
CCDF Average Monthly Number
of Children and Families Served
Average Monthly number of Children and Families Served: Children 28500 and Families 14500
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care
Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Licensed or Regulated Providers: Center 53%, Group Home 2%, Family Home 2%, Child's Home 2%
Non-Licensed Providers
Average Monthly Percentages of Children Served in All Types of Care - Legally Operating Without Regulations: Center 42%, Group Home 0%, Family Home 1%, Child's Home 1%
Note: Unregulated provider data includes relative and non-relative care.
Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF)
  • Total CCDF Expenditure (Including Quality):
$119,375,640
  • CCDF Federal Expenditure:
$102,599,005
  • CCDF State/Territory Expenditure:
$16,776,635
CCDF Quality Expenditures
  • Total Quality Expenditure:
$15,799,141
  • Quality Activities (Set Aside Funds):
$15,262,715
  • Infant and Toddler (Targeted Funds):
$406,092
  • Quality Expansion Funds (Targeted Funds):
$0
  • School-Age/Resource and Referral (Targeted Funds):
$130,334
Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) for Child Care
  • TANF – Total Child Care Expenditure:
$0
Bullet icon TANF – Direct Expenditure on Child Care: $0
Bullet icon TANF – Transfer to CCDF: $0
ChildCare Tax Credits
  • Tax Credit Federal Total Amount Claimed:
$5,355,300
  • Tax Credit Federal Number of Claims:
98,410
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Available - 2015:
No
  • State/Territory Tax Credit Refundable:
No
Child and Adult Care Food Program (CACFP)
  • CACFP Funding:
$56,228,476
  • Number of Family Child Care Homes Participating:
676
  • Number of Child Care Centers (includes Head Start Programs) Participating:
975
Head Start
  • Head Start Federal Allocation:
$108,962,235
  • Head Start State/Territory Allocation:
5232025
  • Number of Children Participating:
13,395
IDEA Part B, Section 619
  • IDEA Part B Funding:
$5,627,709
  • Number of Children Served (Ages 3- through 5-Years-Old):
7,827
IDEA Part C
  • IDEA Part C Funding:
$6,543,524
  • Number of Children Served (Ages Birth through 2-Years-Old):
3,627
Pre-kindergarten
  • Pre-kindergarten Total Expenditure:
$77,462,050
  • Enrollment (4-year-olds and under):
16,051
Note: Total Expenditure includes all State/Territory, Local, and Federal dollars. In addition to 3 and 4-year-olds, some Pre-kindergarten programs enroll children of other ages.

CCDF Subsidy Program Administration

Income Eligibility Limit as a Percent of State Median Income (SMI)
Family Size 100% of SMI (Monthly) 85% of SMI (Monthly) Lower Than 85% of SMI,
If Used to Limit Eligibility
Amount (Monthly) Percent of SMI
Three $4,486.00 $3,813.00 $2,116 47%
SMI Year and Source:
Waiting Lists
  • The Lead Agency has an active waiting list for only certain eligible families.
Re-determination Period
  • The re-determination period is 12 months.
Coordinates or Aligns Re-determination Periods With Which Programs
  • Yes
Prioritize Services for Eligible Children and Families
  • Children with special needs receive priority over other CCDF-eligible families. Children with special needs are not subject to the waiting list.
  • Children in families with very low incomes receive the same priority as other CCDF-eligibility families. Children in families with very low incomes receive waived co-payments for families with incomes at or below 30% of the Federal Poverty Level.
Use of Grants and Contracts

No grant or contracts used

Payment Rates for Licensed Child Care Services -
Age Center Family Child Care
Infant 111.00/week 89.00/week
Toddler 111.00/week 89.00/week
Preschool 102.00/week 83.00/week
School Age 94.00/week 84.00/week
 
Effective date of payment rates:

Market Rate Survey (MRS) Date: June 1, 2013

Payment rate ceiling in relations to the most current MRS for all rate areas and age categories: Center 53rd-64th percentile; FCC: 53rd-62nd percentile

Sliding Fee Scale and Family Contribution
Minimum Family Contribution Maximum Family Contribution for First Child Maximum Family Contribution for Multiple Children Sliding Fee Scale Effective Date
$8.00/week $23.00/week $23.00/ week
Family Contribution Waiver
SOME families ARE NOT required to pay a fee.

Health and Safety

Number of Licensed Programs and Licensed Capacity
Type Number of Licensed Programs Licensed Capacity
Child Care Centers 1,019 Data not available
Family Child Care Homes 662 Data not available
Group Family Child Care Homes 266 Data not available
Definition of Licensed Group and Family Child Care Homes
Group Child Care Homes:Number of children allowed* 7-12
Family Child Care Homes: Number of children allowed 1-6
*Lower number is the threshold for licensing. Home-based providers caring for fewer children would be exempt from licensing.
Child-Staff Ratios and Group Size by Age of Children for Child Care Centers
Age of Children Child-Staff Ratio Group Size
Infant (11 months) 5:1 Group size not regulated
Toddler (35 months) 8:1 Group size not regulated
Preschool (59months) 11:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (6 years) 21:1 Group size not regulated
School-age (10 years and older) 22:1 Group size not regulated
Criminal Background Checks Required by Type of Program
Type Child Care Centers Group Child Care Homes Family Child Care Homes
Criminal History Records Yes Yes Yes
Child Abuse and Neglect Registry Yes Yes Yes
Fingerprints Yes Yes Yes
Sex Offender Registry Yes Yes Yes
Signed Statement About Criminal Status Yes Yes Yes
Minimum Preservice Qualifications and Ongoing Training Requirements
Role Minimum Preservice Qualifications Ongoing Training Hours
Center Teacher 12 clock hours of training in child care through participation in workshops, meetings, videotapes, or one-to-one consultation within 30 days of employment 12
Center Director 124 clock hours of training and 20 clock hours in administration and 1 year experience 24
Family Child Care Home Provider 24 clock hours of training 20
Group Child Care Home Provider 24 clock hours of training 20
Types of Routine Visits Conducted
Type Announced Unannounced Frequency of Routine Visits
Child Care Centers No Yes Once a year
Family Child Care Home Provider No Yes Once a year
Group Child Care Home Provider No Yes Once a year

Quality Improvement

Supports to Programs to Improve Quality
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining licensing compliance
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining quality standards beyond licensing
Yes
  • TA is available for attaining and maintaining accreditation
Yes
  • TA is linked to entering the QRIS or targeted to help programs move in QRIS
No
Financial Incentives and Supports for Programs
  • Grants to meet or maintain licensing
Yes
  • Grants to meet QRIS or similar quality levels
Yes
  • One-time awards or bonuses on completion of quality standard attainment
No
  • Tiered reimbursement tied to quality for children receiving subsidy
No
  • On-going, periodic grants or stipends tied to improving/maintaining quality
No
  • Tax credits tied to meeting program quality standards
No
Quality Assurance and Monitoring
  • Environment Rating Scale (e.g., ECERS, ITERS, SACERS, FDCRS)
Yes
  • Classroom Assessment Scoring System (CLASS)
No
  • Program Assessment Scales (PAS) for child care centers or Business Administration Scale (BAS) for family child care homes
Yes
  • State/Territory uses customized instrument, including submission of written documentation, developed for the quality improvement system
No
Outreach and Consumer Education
  • State/Territory uses symbols or simple icons to communicate levels of quality for child care programs
Yes
  • State/Territory uses this information for resource and referral and consumer education services with parents who are seeking care
Yes
  • State/Territory uses this information to educate parents who are enrolling in the subsidy system
Yes
  • State/Territory uses this information in a searchable database on the web
No
  • State/Territory promotes voluntarily posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
Yes
  • State/Territory mandates posting symbols or icons visibly in programs
No
  • State/Territory uses this information in marketing and public awareness campaigns
Yes
  • State/Territory uses the media to reach public to parents and the communicate about levels of quality for child care programs
No
Quality Rating and Improvement System (QRIS)
  • State/Territory has a QRIS or similar quality improvement system that includes linked activities in all five elements
 
Bullet icon Operating state/territory-wide No
Bullet icon Operating as a pilot or in a few localities Yes
  • State/Territory is in the development phase of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • State/Territory has no plans for the development of a QRIS or similar quality improvement system
No
  • Types of providers eligible to participate in QRIS:
    • Child care centers
    • Early Head Start programs
    • Head Start programs
    • Pre-kindergarten programs

Early Learning Standards

ELGs Developed by Age Group
  • Birth to 3 years
  • 3 to 5 years
Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems
  • Incorporation of Early Learning Guidelines into Child Care Systems:
    • To define the content of training required for the career lattice or professional credential
    • To require programs in licensing standards to develop curriculum/learning activities based on the voluntary ELGs
A table of Alignment of Early Learning Guidelines with Other Early Care and Education Systems
  • The State/Territory aligns its early learning guidelines with other parts of the child care system:
    • Cross-walked to align with Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework
    • Cross-walked to align with K-12 content standards

Coordination

Coordination and Partnership Efforts to Support the Implementation of CCDF
  • Formal early childhood and/or school-age coordination plans
No
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state/territory-wide early childhood and/or school-age cabinet/advisory council/task force/ commission
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- state advisory council
Yes
  • Designated entity responsible for coordination- local coordination/council
No

Footnotes

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