Planning, a Management Function

Planning is the basic function of management. It deals with mapping out a future course of action for achievement of predetermined goals. The following planning steps and resources may help to avoid confusion, uncertainties, risks, and duplication of efforts.


Planning Action Steps 

  • Establish objectives 
  • Establish planning premises 
  • Choose alternative course of action 
  • Formulate derivative plans 
  • Secure cooperation 
  • Conduct appraisal or follow up 


Planning: Tools and Resources 


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