All children deserve quality care, but finding and providing quality care can often be a challenge. The Office of Child Care and services like Child Care Aware are committed to helping parents and providers overcome common hurdles.
Licensing is a process administered by State governments that sets a baseline of requirements below which it is illegal for facilities to operate, unless they are legally exempt from licensing. States have regulations that include the requirements facilities must comply with and policies to support the enforcement of those regulations.
Child care licensing laws vary from State to State. The National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education has State licensure regulation and contact information for all licensing agencies at http://nrckids.org/STATES/states.htm.
Information about specific providers is available from your local child care resource and referral (CCR&R) agency. This agency provides information to the public about how to find child care that meets local regulations and requirements. Providers can ask to be added to the CCR&R directory of providers so that parents who call the agency can receive information about their services. Child Care Aware offers a Child Care Finder tool that provides contact information for all State and local CCR&R agencies at http://childcareaware.org/parents-and-guardians/childcarefinder#section=searchbyzip.
The Resource Guide: Child Care Information for Families document provides information for families and others seeking child care, including answers to some of the most frequently asked questions, about child care.
A useful organization for information about nannies, including employing nannies, is the International Nanny Association (INA). The INA is a nonprofit, educational association for nannies and those who educate, place, employ, and support professional in-home child care providers. For more information, call INA at 888-878-1477 or 713-526-2670 or visit the Web at http://www.nanny.org/index.php.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) provides information about tax obligations for individuals and businesses. The following two IRS tax topics provide information about household employees and independent contractors.
Topic 756 – Employment Taxes for Household Employees provides information about employer tax obligations regarding household employees, including housekeepers, maids, babysitters, gardeners, and others who work in or around a private residence as employees. It is available at http://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc756.html.
Topic 762 – Independent Contractor vs. Employee provides information about how to determine whether a worker is an independent contractor or an employee under common law. It is available at http://www.irs.gov/taxtopics/tc762.html.
In addition, the Household Employer Tax Guide provides detailed information about tax regulations, credits, and applicable forms. This is available at http://www.irs.gov/publications/p926/ar02.html#en_US_publink100086722. Information about how to contact a local office of the IRS is available at http://www.irs.gov/localcontacts/index.html. For more information, call the IRS at 800-829-1040 or visit the Web at http://www.irs.gov/
Insurance requirements vary across States. Some States require child care centers and/or family child care homes to have some form of insurance. Other States either require providers to carry insurance or to notify parents if they do not carry insurance. To find the specific insurance requirements in your State, contact your State child care licensing agency. The National Resource Center for Health and Safety in Child Care and Early Education has State licensure regulation and contact information for all licensing agencies at http://nrckids.org/STATES/states.htm.