Issue brief

How to Implement Trauma-Informed Care to Build Resilience to Childhood Trauma

This issue brief about trauma-informed care brings a strengths-based perspective that emphasizes resilience. There is a review of the signs of trauma, how it impacts trauma and how to practice trauma-informed care using the Four Rs: realizing the widespread nature of childhood trauma, recognizing the symptoms, responding by adjusting policies and practices, and resisting re-traumatization. This resource supports resiliency.

The Science of Learning and Development in Afterschool Systems and Settings

The Science of Learning and Development (SoLD) Alliance is exploring ways to strengthen systems and support for whole child learning and development. This issue brief highlights three key takeaways and the implications of these findings for afterschool settings: (1) children and youth learn and develop best in relational settings; (2) cultural competence and responsiveness are necessary for equity; and (3) trauma and adversity affect development.

Using CCDF and TANF to Support Quality Out-of-School Time Care

The Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) program is the largest federal funding source for child care, with an investment of $8.1 billion in fiscal year 2019. The Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) block grant also directs funding to the care of children, either directly or through a transfer of some of its funds to CCDF.  This brief explores ways that TANF can be used to subsidize the care of eligible school-age children and support Out-of-School Time (OST) program initiatives.


Strengthening Systems and Supports to Build Positive Social-Emotional Climates in Out-of-School Time

This brief, Strengthening Systems and Supports to Build Positive Social-Emotional Climates in Out-of-School Time, highlights best practices that states learned about and shared during the the National Center on Afterschool and Summer Enrichment facilitated Peer Learning Group (PLG).

Leadership for Family Child Care: The Promise of Staffed Family Child Care Networks

This issue brief summarizes findings from the National Study of Family Child Care Networks, that conducted surveys, did qualitative interviews, and compiled case studies about Staffed Family Child Care Networks (SFCCN). These networks increase support for family child care providers by offering services such as training, home visits, support groups, and business and administrative supports. SFCCN are one promising practice that may help turn around the dramatically decreasing numbers of family child care providers. 

Joining Together to Create a Bold Vision for Next Generation Family Engagement: Engaging Families to Transform Education

This issue brief identifies high impact strategies for actively co-creating opportunities for family engagement to support learning across the age continuum, both in school and during out-of-school time. The five building blocks include: (1) increasing attendance, (2) sharing data, (3) strengthening academic and social development, (4) improving digital media habits and fluency, and (5) maintaining strong relationships with families during key transitions. This brief includes information about after school and summer opportunities. 

States' Payment Rates Under the CCDF Program Could Limit Access to Child Care Providers

The Office of Inspector General's issue brief identifies a concern that if states set payment rates too low, families may not have access to child care providers. While the report identifies that states have to balance competing priorities between raising payment rates, serving eligible families, and ensuring compliance with program requirements, it has recommendations for how states can expand family access to child care. 

Afterschool Providing Key Literacy Supports to English Language Learner Students

This issue brief highlights the challenges English language learners (ELLs) face in developing literacy proficiency and articulates how afterschool programs can play a central role in providing the supports to help ELL students thrive in school, work, and life. For example, out-of-school time (OST) programs can offer a culturally sensitive atmosphere, literacy-related activities that promote motivation and interest, and opportunities for family engagement. The brief includes examples from five states of activities for ELL youth. 

A Snapshot of Rural Afterschool in America

This brief outlines the state of rural afterschool resources. Currently, only 13 percent of rural children participate in afterschool programs compared with 25 percent of urban children; these discrepancies are due to barriers including diverse funding sources, transportation, facilities, staffing, and programming supports. The brief provides examples from three states on how they respond to these challenges. 

A Conceptual Model for Quality in Home-Based Child Care

This brief provides a conceptual model for developing quality improvement initiatives and professional development for home-based child care that takes into account the distinctive characteristics for these settings. The model is organized into three components: (1) foundations for sustainability of care; (2) lasting relationships; and (3) opportunities for learning and development. This publication can be used to develop standards, conduct additional research, or guide professional development systems.