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As states seek to invest in cost modeling tools, providers and funders must think strategically about how the tools can best be used. This issue brief explores how tools can answer some of the most pressing questions facing the early childhood field such as workforce compensation, increasing child care supply, and determining subsidy rates that meet the true cost of care. The brief includes examples from NM, DC, TX, NYC, and MA.
The Center for Law and Policy has created this list of state-by-state increases for FY 2023 CCDBG appropriations. The Ominibus Bill includes $8 billion in total annual discretionary funds for CCDBG, which represents a 30 percent increase, providing an opportunity to respond to increased needs and ensure funding keeps up with rising inflation. This is the second largest increase in history of CCDBG.
In this series of reports, Child Care Aware of America explores child care challenges and how to accelerate needed changes to offer accessible, affordable, and quality care. The first report provides state-by-state information on Supply and Quality Trends. In this first report, some states provide data on the number of school-age only programs or spaces, as well as centers and FCC homes and QRIS participation. The second report looks at Price of Care, and although it doesn't include school-age costs, it captures that the cost of early childhood care is exceeding the rise in inflation.
This guide/toolkit, created by EducationCounsel and the Wallace Foundation, can help district leaders, OST providers, and intermediaries identify federal funding streams to support equitable access to summer and afterschool learning. It groups funding streams into three broad headings: (1) creating and sustaining equitable conditions for learning; (2) preparing for program delivery; and (3) building and aligning ecosystems of support. Within these categories, the guide identifies funding streams for seven elements that emerged from a review of research and conversations with national and local out-of-school time leaders. The companion webinar is available here: Using Federal Funds for Summer Learning and Afterschool: A new Guide for Providers, School Districts, and Intermediaries. This resource supports equity.
This webinar by the National Center on Early Childhood Quality Assurance and the National Center on Subsidy Innovation and Accountability provides an overview on the impact of improved subsidy practices on provider budgets and CCDF budgets. It includes how the Provider Cost of Quality Calculator (PCQC) can be used for a narrow cost analysis or to estimate program costs associated with various policy decisions. The focus is on the Lead Agency steps for internal use of the PCQC, and considerations for using the default values for operating costs or incorporating Lead Agency-specific data.
The Office of Child Care strongly recommends CCDF Lead Agencies use funds to expand access to high-quality child care by increasing the use of contracts or grants. This issue brief provides an overview of the benefits of using contracts for child care slots, how to address hurdles in the use of contracts for slots, considerations for implementing contracts, how to communicate the need for the use of contracts, and how to access technical assistance. This resource supports the COVID-19 response.
Given the growing momentum for a better approach to rate setting, Prenatal to Five Fiscal Strategies (P5FS) has developed this guide to using cost estimation modeling to set subsidy rates, informed by experience working with New Mexico and the District of Columbia as well as dozens of other states and communities in recent years. The guide reviews costs to be included in a cost estimation model. It outlines a 4-stage process states can use including stakeholder engagement, data collection, model building, and scenario development. See this related webinar on Home-Based Child Care and Cost Estimation Modeling.
This report by Prenatal to Five Fiscal Strategies provides a detailed summary of the process and the findings from New Mexico's cost study and cost estimation model in their effort to inform subsidy rate setting. The report shares cost of quality across age ranges, including school-age, and levels of quality in QRIS. Findings include that current subsidy rates are insufficient to cover the true cost of quality, and that program financial viability increases when serving mixed-age groups.
The unique needs and challenges for families needing Out-of-School Time (OST) child care are often unknown or overlooked. Their needs vary much more than they do for younger children due to the challenges created by balancing work schedules with school schedules.
This tip sheet is designed to help Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) lead agencies and other policymakers reflect on current policies and practices and how they impact access to high-quality child care for school-age children, and it offers additional ideas for promoting more equitable outcomes in child care systems.
This resource is available in Spanish.
The Urban Institute created this fact sheet to provide a summary of previous research on changing subsidy policies and procedures. It spells out seven ways states can make child care more accessible and equitable for families and more efficient for agencies. This resource supports equity.