NCASE Resource Library
This issue brief provides a summary of research that identifies three dimensions that lead to suspension and expulsion: (1) absence of a deep understanding of child development with staff; (2) implicit bias; and (3) children who need more and different support than can be provided in an educational or early learning setting alone.
This article defines parent engagement and why it benefits children, families, and afterschool programs. It provides 15 examples of promising practices. Sample outreach materials and parent surveys are included. This resource supports resilience.